HIGHLIGHT EXCERPT: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
It is important to highlight that there are various levels to mens rea. While the Indian Penal Code, 1860 has not explicitly used the word ‘mens rea’, its essence has been represented through other words such as ‘dishonestly’, ‘criminal knowledge or intention’ and so on. Mens rea is generally indicative of blame-worthy mental condition, and is inclusive of intention, negligence and recklessness.
Intention refers to the desire of an individual to fulfill a particular result. It can also include the foresight that certain consequences will be the result of the conduct of the individual. Negligence refers to the lack of precaution which is expected of a reasonable man under the specific circumstances of a case. Lastly, recklessness refers to the foresight of certain consequences as a result of one’s conduct, but there is an absence of desirability in the same.
Most AI agents are capable of receiving factual data and of forming an understanding of such data, which is what constitutes as knowledge. Specific intent refers to an aim of making a factual event occur; the programming of an AI agent can be done in a way for it to have such an aim or purpose. However, it is further important to highlight that AI agents cannot imitate the feelings of humans, and therefore, liability for crimes that include the existence of feelings (such as crimes of hate) cannot be attributed on AI agents.
CRITICAL BOOK REVIEW
The Prisons We Broke is a rather fervent critique of the Hindu caste system, even more than the comment it is upon the feminist struggle.