IS COVID-19 JUST AN EXCUSE TO GLOBALLY INCREASING INEQUALITIES?

War, hunger, and other deadly diseases will be all the more pressing, and thoughts of social distancing may have little relationship to the lived reality. The narrative surrounding COVID-19 and its ‘extraordinary’ nature has served to disengage the masses from the exclusionary nature of basic public healthcare facilities. COVID-19 has had little to no effect on our poor response in terms of the supply chain of goods and services for a better global coordination.

We are continuously informed that the COVID-19 pandemic is an extraordinary event. However, it is not extraordinary at any juncture, but a continuation of a method of doing, thinking and being that part of history, which has always resorted to abuse, exploit and marginalise the vulnerable people. This represents an unshakeable conviction for the natural polarisation of neoliberal market  Used to simplify the shift of state’s focus from welfare policies to economic management that is supported by the worldwide legitimate system that establishes it. Just to place things in context, the world’s tycoons have more wealth today than 60 percent of the total populace, and where the wealthiest 22 men on the planet have more riches than all the women combined in Africa. This last point is important given that women in Africa and beyond make up in any event 66% of the worldwide workforce and in the midst of numerous ‘pandemics’, women stay at the bleeding edge of administrative and network reactions.

THE ‘MANY’ ATTRIBUTES OF UNEQUAL ACCESS

COVID-19 is showing us how the arrangement of organized commerce, in light of benefit gathering and commercialization, isn’t just broadening imbalances between the global North and global South  Economically better developed nations constitute the global North as compared to the lesser developed nations that constitute the global South , but also between and inside nations in the North. We are right now seeing an uncommonly increasing degree of export bans and embargoes, including moves by the EU to limit fare of medical gears outside the coalition, boycott of more than 80 crucial medications by the UK, and of face masks by Malaysia and Thailand. The entirety of this delineates the manners by which the guidelines of organized commerce can both change and constrain the development of much required goods in the midst of emergency.

Even proponents of the worldwide food distribution system would concede that it bases itself upon the purchasing parity of individuals and nations and not upon the basis of needs. In fact, Anne Saab and Anne Chadwick each give an exceptionally persuading account as to how international law maintains and recreates a contradictory food system that both keeps up a specific sort of food security and contains inside it structures that nurture hunger and starvation. This is a system dominated by the WTO, which oversees market instruments, (for example, exchange and private property). Resultantly, most nations of the Global South have, either through the compulsion of IMF basic alteration programs or singularly with the guidance of World Bank programs, implemented a little transformation and changed their agricultural divisions. Their agricultural divisions are trade oriented and do little to ensure (for example support) domestic agricultural production. Today, nations that depend vigorously on imported food to satisfy need, including sub-Saharan Africa, face hazards from supply chain mismanagement  In commerce, the management of the flow of goods and services, involving the movement and storage of raw materials, of work-in-process inventory, and of finished goods as well as end to end order fulfillment from point of origin to point of consumption is known as SCM – Supply Chain Management , particularly in respect of the strict border-crossing measures.

Safety-net frameworks  Medical systems in the US where individuals are provided healthcare regardless of their insurance status are basic life savers to help stem the negative economic and dietary impacts of COVID-19. Many developing nations, be that as it may, need well laid out net frameworks to fill that void. Indeed, Any successful reaction to a COVID-19-related food emergency requires analysing how to rebuild our worldwide and national food frameworks. Furthermore, the ability of many countries to adopt technology and further, adopt a trustable environment allowing citizens to work from home is always a difficult task and cannot be achieved without due efforts.

THE POLICY DECISIONS AND LESSONS FROM THE PAST

Not only is there a greater chance of this infection influencing slums, camps for displaced people and more unfortunate densely populated areas lopsidedly, but also that many developing nations are today utilizing the strategies of administering more and more refugee camps as far as setting up isolation and managing Covid-19 patients is concerned. Medical clinics and centres are not well arranged to effectively address patients in these areas because of long stretches of budget cuts in health care services. While different variables have an impact over the actual expenditure, the truth of the matter is that on the off chance, more assets being devoted to the debt service means in turn that lesser resources are accessible for the health administrations. For instance, the 80’s and 90’s saw Africa suffer the impacts of a progression of neoliberal arrangements under the structural adjustment programmes (SAPs), which basically cut subsidizing for health administrations and merchandise including essential instructions, essential human services and public infrastructure. The situation has either worsened or remained the same globally since then, in terms of healthcare budgetary distribution.

There was a push for Africa to privatize and have all the more a market which was export dependent. Successive governments were obliged to cut their spending plans for open arrangement of medical services, that has transformed into a commodity putting obligation on the individual as opposed to a government strategy. Honestly, in past pandemic outbreaks, the methodology of wealthier nations has been to put human and budgetary assets in economically weaker nations in order to contain the need to battle the infection on their own soil. However, such measures are not applicable to effectively tackle the effects of COVID-19. Poorer nations that have struggled to fabricate their healthcare frameworks, especially as a pervading wave of multilateralism  A phenomenon where many countries direct their actions towards the achievement of a common goal suggests, are being confronted with another reality where they should get ready for, battle, and recuperate from COVID-19 all alone, without any help from the relatively better-equipped North.

It is likewise predictable that various Global North and Global South states will restrict claims of foreign investors before venturing for arbitral tribunals in light of the fact that such measures may breach universal investment agreements. International law secures states in circumstances of necessity or force majeure, and more recent bilateral speculation arrangements, for instance, consider exceptions to investment protection when measures are taken to ensure general health facilities. Be that as it may, various states have taken estimates which leave open the opportunities for financial specialists to still have a claim. This will disproportionately affect the Global South which is as of now unfit to adapt to the monetary rupture brought about by the pandemic.

Finally, it is most likely unavoidable that death rates in refugee camps of Syria, in Yemen, and in a significant number of the world’s least fortunate nations will be far higher than in the rich world. It is likewise evident that COVID-19 might be generally low on the rundown of problems that individuals in those nations already have. War, hunger, and other deadly diseases will be all the more pressing, and thoughts of disengagement and social distancing may have little relationship to the lived reality or common sense. For some, social distancing and home isolation will by and by be unimaginable. COVID-19 will just increase the previously existing emergency.

IN A NUTSHELL

We have to quit perceiving COVID-19 as an exception to the general norm of deadly diseases, since it is, in any event, its very embodiment. Similar to different emergencies, the COVID-19 pandemic worsens basic vulnerabilities and disparities. The problematic framework of our international legal setup sets out the ideal ground for the rise of the pandemic and adversities for the acutely situated people due to the inadequate reactions from national and international   organizations. To emphasize, there is nothing novel in our reaction to the infection as we have repeated, and as we will undoubtedly repeat, similar practices and patterns that were there in our constrained narrow-thinking even at the time of previous such exigencies.

Cover Image Credits: Gayathri N.

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